classification of dryopteris
The Cryptogamia was further divided into Thallophyta. 1763. These include: References: Thorne and Thorne (1989), Montgomery and Wagner (1993). Dryopteris intermedia: 5 First basal basiscopic pinnule not much wider than 1st acroscopic pinnule on basal pinnae; blades ovate-lanceolate. In this paper, the author presents a classification synopsis of the genus Dryopteris. Classification of Pteridophytes. Hybrids in Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 34, 392–407. is an apogamous fern complex. The Dryopteris varia complex (subg. , The genus has a large number of species. 48(3): 877-884, 2019 (September) Special PALYNOLOGY AND ANATOMY OF DRYOPTERIS ADANS.FROM SHANDONG, CHINA AND THEIR SIGNIFICANCE IN CLASSIFICATION XIAOJUAN LI, JUANJUAN DING, JIANXIU 1LI * AND FENGQIN ZHOU 1 Shandong Xiandai University, Jinan-250104, China Keywords: Dryopteris, Subgenus Dryopteris, Subgenus Erythrovariae, Palynology, … They don’t have conducting tissues for transportation of water and minerals. 10:45. The fern genus Dryopteris (Dryopteridaceae) is represented in the Hawaiian Islands by 18 endemic taxa and one non-endemic, native species. Your help is appreciated. Pihea woodfern. Related WordsSynonymsLegend: Switch to new thesaurus Noun 1. For example, the male fern is called Dryopteris filix-mas. Dryopteris /draɪˈɒptərɪs/, commonly called the wood ferns, male ferns (referring in particular to Dryopteris filix-mas), or buckler ferns, is a fern genus in the family Dryopteridaceae, subfamily Dryopteridoideae, according to the Pteridophyte Phylogeny Group classification of 2016 (PPG I). 2: 20, 551. The Dryopteridaceae are a family of leptosporangiate ferns in the order Polypodiales.They are known colloquially as the wood ferns.In the Pteridophyte Phylogeny Group classification of 2016 (PPG I), the family is placed in the suborder Polypodiineae. Cryptogamia was again divided into three phyla; Thallophyta, Bryophyta and Pteridophyta. Variae Fraser-Jenk.) 48(3): 877-884, 2019 (September) Special PALYNOLOGY AND ANATOMY OF DRYOPTERIS ADANS.FROM SHANDONG, CHINA AND THEIR SIGNIFICANCE IN CLASSIFICATION XIAOJUAN LI, JUANJUAN DING, JIANXIU 1LI * AND FENGQIN ZHOU 1 Shandong Xiandai University, Jinan-250104, China Keywords: Dryopteris, Subgenus Dryopteris, Subgenus Erythrovariae, Palynology, … The circumscription of Dryopteris has been controversial and various related genera have, over the time, been included in and excluded from Dryopteris. Dryopteris is a very large genus of ferns and the most widespread genus in the world. The Dryopteris varia complex (subg.Erythrovariae sect. The goals of this study were to determine whether Dryopteris in Hawai’i is monophyletic and to infer the biogeographical origins of Hawaiian Dryopteris by determining the geographical distributions of their closest living relatives. The PPG I classification suggested there were about 400 species; as of February 2020[update], the Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World listed 328 species and 83 hybrids. A new term Tracheophyta was coined by Sinnott in 1935. Identification of otherwise uncertain herbarium specimens. References: Thorne and Thorne (1989), Montgomery and Wagner (1993). Hybridization and polyploidy are well-known phenomena in this group, with many species formed via these processes. Classification of critical taxa in a difficult complex. Methods of classifications are constantly changing. species A classification of the genus Dryopteris (Pteridophyta: Dryopteridaceae). Discover thousands of New England plants. It bears only one kind of sporangia. Dryopteris filix-mas – male fern Distribution: Occurring on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Great Plains, Great Lakes region, and northeastern North America; circumboreal. Dryopteridaceae, the shield fern family, containing 40–50 genera and about 1,700 species, in the division Pteridophyta (the lower vascular plants). Background. The Plants Database includes the following 48 species of Dryopteris . Browse Plants by Taxonomic Classification. 52 ... Molecular phylogenetics and historical biogeography of Hawaiian Dryopteris (Dryopteridaceae). [Christopher R Fraser-Jenkins] This name is always capitalized and always precedes the species name. Deciduous to subevergreen, 2V2 to 4 ft. (75 to 120 cm).Zones 4 to 8. – shieldfern, woodfern, wood fern, shield fern : Direct Children: Species: Dryopteris X algonquinensis D.M. Dryopterisis a very large genus of fernsand the most widespread genus in the world. P.Fourn., 1934 Homonyms Dryopteris filix-mas (L.) Schott. Bangladesh J. Bot. Alternatively, it may be treated as the subfamily Dryopteridoideae of a very broadly defined family Polypodiaceae sensu lato. Dryopteris cinnamomea: 4 Pinnae lacking elongate serrate tip; blades, at least the midrib of segments and indusia, finely glandular. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. For example, the male fern is called Dryopteris filix-mas. Wood ferns, also called shield ferns, are typically found in cool, moist woodland areas, although some can tolerate drier conditions. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Shaw (2008), Morphology and classification of the Bryophyta, in Goffinet & Shaw (eds.) The genus name is included in the Latin name of the plant. Journal of Systematics and Evolution, Vol. All images and text © American Aspidium, Bear's Paw, Dryoptère Fougère Mâle, Dryopteris filix-mas, European Aspidium, Fougère Mâle, Helecho Macho, Knotty Brake, Marginal Fern, Shield Fern. The Go Botany project is supported • Among 7600 spp. In India, it is represented by 41 species, of which D. … Dryopteris reproduces by means of spores. in 2a, See list of 2 The current version differs from the one proposed by Goffinet et al. The non-monophyly of D. subgen. Prothallus is green, independent, artifici ally heart shaped, monoecious having male and female reproductive organ s … coastal woodfern. Gymnocarpium dryopteris. fig:Dryopteris- Structure of Prothallus showing the position of archegonia, antheridia, and rhizoids Spore germinates into gametophyte known as prothallus. CBSE 31,173 views. In Flora of North America Editorial Committee (Eds.) (6 mm) or more. This classification of the mosses is based on Goffinet, B., W.R Buck and A.J. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. D. ×pittsfordensis) or unknown in the region. The family contains about 1700 species and has a cosmopolitan distribution.Species may be terrestrial, epipetric, hemiepiphytic, or epiphytic.Many are cultivated as ornamental plants.  Some genera sunk into Dryopteris, such as Dryopsis, Stenolepia and Nothoperanema, are distinguished by other sources.. Class Filicopsida: Order Polypodiales: Family Dryopteridaceae – Wood Fern family: Genus Dryopteris Adans. List of taxa for Dryopteris. New York and Oxford. Show photos of: The most widely employed methods for classifying microbes are morphological characteristics, differential staining, biochemical testing, DNA fingerprinting or DNA base composition, polymerase chain reaction, and DNA chips. is a member of the Dryopteridaceae, growing in high altitude Picea or Abies forests (2900–3500 m) in China and India. species genus Dryopteris (n.) 1. large widespread genus of medium-sized terrestrial ferns; in some classification systems placed in Polypodiaceae. [Christopher R Fraser-Jenkins; British Museum (Natural History)] Dryopteris and D. subgen. Dryopteris in Yunnan, China, Lu [2,24,25] proposed three new sections: D. sect. : a large cosmopolitan genus of ferns (family Polypodiaceae) having the indusium reniform or orbicular with a deep sinus and comprising the shield ferns. Dryopteris blanfordii (C.Hope) C.Chr. Bryophyta and Pteridophyta were grouped together under Embryophyta. The largest genera are Elaphoglossum (600+), Polystichum (260), Dryopteris (225), and Ctenitis (150). The genus has a large number of species. Traditional use in Scandinavia against red mite (Dermanyssus gallinae) infestation is to place fronds in nesting boxes under nesting material and under floor covering material. in 2b, See list of 4 Habitat: Moist shaded talus and rocky stream banks, lowland to middle elevations in the mountains. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust The genus is the "generic" name of the Linnaean classification system. The PPG I classification suggested there were about 400 species; as of February 2020 , the Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World listed 328 species and 83 hybrids. Class : Filicineae. in 6b, See list of 2 you. Can you please help us? species Each order has at least one genus, which further subdivides the plants. A classification of the genus Dryopteris (Pteridophyta: Dryopteridaceae). Classification of microorganisms has been largely aided by studies of fossils and recently by DNA sequencing. Engler (1909) included the Bryophyta and Pteridophyta under Embryophyta. Get this from a library! Dryopteris dilatata Broad wood fern, broad buckler fern Synonym Dryopteris austriaca Epithet means "dilated, expanded." Dryopteris species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Batrachedra sophroniella (which feeds exclusively on D. cyatheoides) and Sthenopiseauratus. in 5b, See list of 3 Genus: Dryopteris. The genus is the "generic" name of the Linnaean classification system. "Molecular circumscription and major evolutionary lineages of the fern genus Dryopteris (Dryopteridaceae)", "What We Do (and Don't) Know About Ferns: Dryopteris (Dryopteridaceae) as a Case Study", "Into Africa: Molecular phylogenetics and historical biogeography of sub-Saharan African woodferns ( Dryopteris )", "Unraveling reticulate evolution in North American Dryopteris (Dryopteridaceae)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dryopteris&oldid=983618076, Articles containing potentially dated statements from February 2020, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 October 2020, at 07:48. The chemical analysis of Dryopteris rhizomes can (in conjunction with classical and cytological methods) provide valuable criteria for the solution of taxonomical problems, particularly as follows: 1. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. 2: Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms. Plant kingdom was first divided into Cryptogamia and Phanerogamia by Eichler. Collection Data ( W. Testo 1326) Classification & Common Names In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. This fern genus has spore-bearing leaves that are similar to its vegetative leaves. noun large widespread genus of medium sized terrestrial ferns; in some classification systems placed in Polypodiaceae • Syn: ↑genus Dryopteris • Hypernyms: ↑fern genus • Member Holonyms: ↑Dryopteridaceae, ↑family Dryopteridaceae, ↑  There are about 300-400 species in the genus. wood fern. Indusiatae S. G. Lu, two of which were adopted by Wu & Lu  in their classification of the 127 Chinese species of Dryopteris. The sori are round, with a peltate indusium. Get this from a library! The genus name is included in the Latin name of the plant. Fern classification generally shows a trend from highly artificial, based on an interpretation of a few extrinsic characters, via natural classifications derived from a multitude of intrinsic characters, towards more evolutionary circumscriptions of groups that do not in general align well with the distribution of these previously used characters. Plants are perennial. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. 2. Many Dryopteris species are widely used as garden ornamental plants, especially D. affinis, D. erythrosora, and D. filix-mas, with numerous cultivars. Dryopteris are common in mixed-species populations. Dryopteris carthusiana: 5 Towards the natural classification of tectarioid ferns: Confirming the phylogenetic relationships ofPleocnemiaandPteridrys(eupolypods I). Dryopteris carthusiana: 5 Asexual reproduction. Sori in most species are located along the leaf veins in the center of the blade. Bangladesh J. Bot. Eichler (1883) divided the plant kingdom into Cryptogamia and Phanerogamia. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Each order has at least one genus, which further subdivides the plants. Bryophyta and Pteridophyta were grouped together under Embryophyta. In Dryopteris, reproduction takes place by three methods i.e. Dryopteris synonyms, Dryopteris pronunciation, Dryopteris translation, English dictionary definition of Dryopteris. Classification is after Oswald Tippo . Classification within Dryopteris has been addressed in several major systems to date, all based exclusively on morphology: Ito (1935, 1936) treated the species of Japan and Taiwan; Ching (1938) considered the species of China, the Himalayas, India, Some genera sunk into Dryopteris, such as Dryopsis, Stenolepia and Nothoperanema, are distinguished by other sources. Get this from a library! The North American Dryopteris hybrid complex is a well-known example of speciation via allopolyploid hybridization. They are seedless, vascular cryptogams: Pteridophytes are seedless, and they procreate through spores. Dryopteris Adans. 7.113A). Bryophyta and Pteridophyta. Pl. Pyc- Each order has at least one genus, which further subdivides the plants. Click on the scientific name for a given species to perform a plant search. – woodfern P Hybrids are common in mixed-species populations. The sori are borne in two rows on two sides of the median vein of a pinnule in-between the margin and the midrib (Fig. They may grow in soil that is alkaline or acidic, and thrive in full shade or in some sun. The genus name is included in the Latin name of the plant. Vegetative reproduction. 'Incisum' (cut) has pinnae cut 1/4 in. 7.113B). Dryopteris cinnamomea: 4 Pinnae lacking elongate serrate tip; blades, at least the midrib of segments and indusia, finely glandular. Cryptogamia was again divided into three phyla; Thallophyta, Bryophyta and Pteridophyta. Watt – coastal woodfern : Species: Dryopteris X australis (Wherry) Small (pro sp.) D. ×boottii), whereas others are very rare (e.g., They may grow in soil that is alkaline or acidic, and thrive in full shade or in some sun. 2. Dryopteris synonyms, Dryopteris pronunciation, Dryopteris translation, English dictionary definition of Dryopteris. 'Crispa' (curled) is smaller and even more attractive with flowing wavy margins and a more horizontal presentation. in 7b. Erythrovariae sect. Dryopteris filix-mas f. filix-mas Filix vulgaris Hill Filix vulgaris Hill ex Farw., 1931 Nephrodium nemorale Gray, 1821 Polypodium heleopteris Borkh. Dryopteris thelypteris, marsh fern, Thelypteris palustris - fern having pinnatifid fronds and growing in wet places; cosmopolitan in north temperate regions Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. Hybrids can be recognized by abortive spores and intermediate morphology. A monograph of Dryopteris (Pteridophyta: Dryopteridaceae) in the Indian subcontinent.  The species are distributed in Asia, the Americas, Europe, Africa, and the Pacific islands, with the highest diversity in eastern Asia. All rights reserved. Nothoperanema for Flora of China | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Dryopteris Adanson, Fam. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. There are about 200 species of this genus in China, of which at least 88 are present in Yunnan. 'Lepidota' is a finely divided filigree of medium height (2 ft. [60 cm]). vegetative method, asexual method, and sexual method. in 1b, See list of 3 Each photo represents one species in this genus. Dryopteris filix-mas was throughout much of recent human history widely used as a vermifuge, and was the only fern listed in the U.S. Pharmacopoeia. 2020 in 3b, See list of 5 U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Preliminary classification of forest vegetation of the Kenai Peninsula, Alaska Forest habitat types … Dryopteris dickinsii 'Incisum' in the Gassner garden. Bryophyte Biology 2nd edition, p. 55–138, Cambridge University Press.The site is maintained by B. Goffinet and W. R. Buck. 1 Dryopteris fragrans: Blades glabrous to sparsely scaly abaxially, not aromatic-glandular; old leaves not persisting in conspicuous gray or … Gymnocarpium dryopteris, the western oakfern, common oak fern, oak fern, or northern oak fern, is a deciduous fern of the family Cystopteridaceae.It is widespread across much of North America and Eurasia.It has been found in Canada, the United States, Greenland, China, … Dryopteridaceae are distributed nearly worldwide but are most diverse in temperate regions and in mountainous areas in the tropics. [Christopher R Fraser-Jenkins] We depend on Dryopteris intermedia: 5 First basal basiscopic pinnule not much wider than 1st acroscopic pinnule on basal pinnae; blades ovate-lanceolate. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for Dryopteris arguta. (Dryopteridaceae) is estimated to contain 225 to 300 species worldwide [1,2].The circumscription of Dryopteris has been controversial and various related genera have been included in and excluded from Dryopteris (see ).Christensen  divided Dryopteris into seven subgenera, six of which belong to today’s Thelypteridaceae. Caespitosae S. G. Lu, D. sect. These four genera contain about 70% of the species. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. species American Aspidium, Bear's Paw, Dryoptère Fougère Mâle, Dryopteris filix-mas, European Aspidium, Fougère Mâle, Helecho Macho, Knotty Brake, Marginal Fern, Shield Fern. Origin: Native Spores: April-August Definition of Dryopteris. The genus is the "generic" name of the Linnaean classification system. PDF | On Jan 1, 2013, Su-Gong Wu and others published Taxonomic treatment of Dryopteris sect. Dryopteris alboviridis. • Division: Filicophyta • Classs: Pterospsida • Sub-class: Leptosporangiate • Order: Filicales • Family: Polypodiaceae • Genus: Dryopteris 11. It takes place by death and decay of older parts of rhizome up to the branch. Several naturally occurring hybrids involving Dryopteris intermedia exist. The stipes have prominent scales. Chryso-comae S. G. Lu, and D. sect. is an apogamous fern complex.Most species of the complex are triploid apogamous, show morphological and genetic variation, and present difficulties in their identification. 1. large widespread genus of medium-sized terrestrial ferns; in some classification systems placed in Polypodiaceae Familiarity information: GENUS DRYOPTERIS used as a noun is very rare. Noun 1. The abbreviation stands for the p… Instead, the water and minerals flow from the surface of the plant- cell to cell in the … The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria.  Many of the species have stout, slowly creeping rootstocks that form a crown, with a vase-like ring of fronds. Habit and Habitat: The genus Dryopteris included 250 species that are distributed in tropical, subtropical and north temperate regions of the world.
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