3rd battalion, 75th ranger regiment
2001: After the September 11th Attacks, the battalion was deployed to Afghanistan in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. These forces were primarily tasked with quelling American Indian activity along the frontier. During the American Revolutionary War, many colonial commanders were former Rangers. 2003: In the hours before Operation Iraqi Freedom, Company A conducted a parachute assault onto the H2 airfield in Western Iraq. The Rangers have one of the best Family Readiness Groups in the Army. The battalion was officially activated in October of that year. For a full schedule please refer to our. from $39.99 Moisture Wicking 75th Ranger Regiment 1/4 Zip. The Regiment's history dates back to Colonial America, when rifle companies organized by Major Robert Rogers made long-range attacks against French forces and their Indian allies and were instrumental in capturing Fort Detroit. In 2009, as the nation renewed its efforts in the Afghan Theater, the commander of the Joint Task Force assigned the Regimental Headquarters as the mission command for JTF Operations in Afghanistan. 1993: elements of Company B deployed to Somalia as part of Task Force Ranger. This unit was consolidated 10 August 1944 with Company F, 475th Infantry Regiment (Long Range Penetration, Special) (constituted 25 May 1944 in the Army of the United States), and consolidated unit designated as Company F, 475th Infantry Regiment. Sections of this page. On October 3, 1984 at York Field, FT.Benning, GA, the Secretary of the Army, the Honorable John O. Marsh, presented the colors and activated the 75th Ranger Regimental Headquarters and the 3rd Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment. Just as the Rangers didÂ at Normandy in 1944, Grenada in 1983, and Panama in 1989, the Ranger Regiment spearheaded the initial ground invasion of Afghanistan. After the impressive performance of the 1st Ranger Battalion in the North Africa Campaign the 3rd Ranger Battalion was organized on 19 June 1943 in Morocco, the battalion was made up of American volunteers and led by Major Herman Dammer. Day-to-day life deployed with the 75th Ranger Regiment is faster-paced than that of a conventional Army unit or other Special Operation units. 1983: The battalionâs first major action was to assist with Operation Urgent Fury. The second and third battalions conducted a parachute assault on the airfield and Rio Hato, neutralized Panamaâs sixth and seventh rifle companies and seized the beach house of Gen. Manuel Noriega. our four-time volunteer force provides the nation a range of capabilities not found in any other special operations or conventional force. Kenneth Maweu, Regimental Religious Af ... fairs Non-Commissioned Officer, talks to us about the importance of gratitude. During the conflict, Lurp platoons and companies were eventually attached to every unit. Additionally, If six or more members of a group complete RASP, one of the members is authorized meritorious Specialist and one member meritorious Private First Class with the same guidelines of selection as above. The higher objective of which is to create an environment which is conducive to allow growth of its members mentally in â¦ The mission became known as one of the nationâs most successful POW rescues as it resulted in the safe return of PFC Jessica Lynch. $29.99 1st Ranger Battalion 1/4 Zip Sweatshirt. CO's staff 3. The regiment received streamers with arrowheads (denoting conflicts they spearheaded) for Grenada and Panama. Responding to the Global War on Terror and the changing nature of Ranger operations, Army officials activated the Regimental Special Troops Battalion in October 2007. Simultaneously, we conduct large-scale Joint Forcible Entry Operations and execute surgical Special Operations Raids around the globe in high-risk, uncertain, and politically sensitive areas. The higher objective of which is to create an environment which is conducive to allow growth of its members mentally in teamwork, leadership, and morality. Mosbyâs most well-known raid was a 30-man foray he led behind Union lines near the Fairfax County courthouse, capturing a general, two captains, 30 enlisted men and 58 horses without firing a shot. Military Patches, Tactical American Flag Patches Special Forces Ranger Airborne Badges 5 Pieces Hook â¦ While the modern 75th Ranger Regiment was established relatively recently, U.S. military units with the same operational philosophy as the Rangers have existed since before the American Revolution. from $39.99 3rd Ranger Battalion Sweatshorts. Ranger units saw sparse activity in the period following the Civil War. 1996: While training at the Jungle Operations Training Center in Panama, the battalion quelled rioting inside Cuban refugee camps. © Valve Corporation. During operation Tomahawk, the Rangers were tasked with dropping behind enemy lines to disrupt supply routes and force a retreat north of Seoul. The first, third and fourth battalions formed the Ranger force, and they began the tradition of wearing the scroll shoulder sleeve insignia, which has been officially adopted into the modern regiment. The regimental headquarters and headquarters company (HHC) consists of: 1. Settlers and pioneers typically made up the bulk of Ranger-designated forces during the War of 1812. Elements of the second battalion were involved with the capture of the Point Salinas International Airport, as well as the subsequent operations to secure the island. During the Vietnam War, they received campaign participation streamers for every campaign in the war. They were followed in February by the rest of the battalion. The 1st and 3rd Ranger Battalions, along with elements of the 2nd Ranger Battalion and the Regimental Headquarters initiated combat operations in the western desert of Iraq to neutralize scud launch sites. The hill would serve as a radio relay point for the larger attacking force set to assault the valley. the 75th ranger regiment is a unique special operations force comprised of specially selected and well trained soldiers constantly tested for the privilege of serving in our regiment. Their greatest contribution to the war effort was during the Battle of the Soyang River, where the 2nd Rangers conducted an artillery-supported double envelopment of an enemy terrain position on Hill 581. As standard-bearers for discipline and excellence, our Regiment migrates leaders throughout the Operational Force to enable our Army to win our Nation’s wars. Should the members not agree then no meritorious promotion shall be authorized. Rangers must also undergo individualized training, which can include shooting on the range, parachute jumps, or medical training. The 75th Ranger Regiment is composed of a Regimental Headquarters, 3 ranger infantry battalions and a special troops battalion. Sign Up. or. Rangers assigned to 3rd Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment recently conducted task force training at Fort Benning, Georgia. Families of spouses are invited to attend many unit functions and they receive routine updates from the chain of command regarding deployments and training exercises. Learn more at the 75th Ranger Regiment's site. On April 1, 2003, the Regiment with elements of 1st and 2nd Ranger Battalions executed a daring raid into the Fedayeen controlled city of Nasiriya. $27.99 Ranger Tab Multicam Mesh Back Hat. Elements of the Battalion jumped into Afghanistan two more times to emplace tactical equipment, once by the Regimental Reconnaissance Detachment in July 2004, and again by the Regimental Reconnaissance Company in July 2009. The 75th Ranger Regiment is a unique Special Operations Force comprised of specially selected and well trained Soldiers constantly tested for the privilege of serving in our Regiment. $7.00. His soldiers were known to travel on sleds, snowshoes, even ice skates, and his force was one of the few non-native units to operate effectively in inhospitable conditions. Rogers wrote the â28 Rules of Rangingâ as a guideline for his soldiers during the conflict. On October 3, 1984 at York Field, Fort Benning, Ga., the Secretary of the Army, the Honorable John O. Marsh, presented the colors and activated the 75th Ranger Regimental Headquarters and 3rd Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment. During the day, the Rangers seized the airport and secured the surrounding area.1989: Rangers were tasked with an Airfield Seizure of the Torrijos-Tocumen Airfield in Panama. 1975: The battalion conducted its first training event and progressed from individual to team, squad, platoon and company training. 3rd Ranger Battalion was organized 3 October 1943 in the Army of the United States in the China-Burma-India Theater of Operations of World War II as an element of the 5307th Composite Unit(Provisional). Rangers of 3rd Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment, board their aircraft to go into the night and take the fight to the enemy, Afghanistan (?) During the war, the 2nd Ranger Infantry Company earned four campaign streamers, nine Silver Stars and more than 100 purple hearts. The RMIB recruits, trains, develops, and employs highly trained and specialized Rangers to conduct full spectrum intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance, cyber, and electronic warfare operations in order to enhance the commanderâs situational awareness and inform his decision making process, Today, as conventional forces transition responsibility to the Afghan National Security Forces, our nation continues to rely upon the Regiment as the decisive special operations raid force in Afghanistan and other areas around the globe. Accessibility Help. On October 3, 1984 at York Field, Fort Benning, Ga., the Secretary of the Army, the Honorable John O. Marsh, presented the colors and activated the 75th Ranger Regimental Headquarters and 3rd Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment. His raids were so effective that part of Northern Virginia became known as Mosbyâs Confederacy. 3rd Ranger Battalion 75th Ranger Regiment is a group on Roblox owned by lego_0perator with 75 members. As the JTF Headquarters, the Regiment executed missions targeting senior leadership of Al Qaeda, Taliban and Haqqani terrorist networks. Darby led the attack himself and was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross.Darby trained the newly activated third and fourth Battalions in Africa, near the end of the Tunisian campaign. Weâre a high-speed unit that prides itself on balancing serious milsim, professionalism, and laid back fun. We verify membership. These new units were dubbed âDarbyâs Rangersâ. Special staff (communications officer, fire support officer, surgeon, staff judge advocate, USAF weather officer and USAF tactical air control officer) 4. We lead the way for readiness advancements connecting Special Operations to Conventional Forces. Todayâs Ranger Regiment is the Armyâs premier raid force. The Battalion is made up of four companies: a Headquarters Company, a Reconnaissance Company, a Communications Company, and a Selection and Training Company. Just eleven days later, the same detachment conducted a static line parachute drop into a different drop zone to establish another landing strip.Â. Energetically will I meet the enemies of my country...Video produced by SGT David Soflin/75th Ranger Regiment Public Affairs.Rangers Lead the Way!#RLTW Español - Latinoamérica (Spanish - Latin America), definition of roleplaying in a realism environment. The Rangers captured the hill without losing a single man, inflicting more than 100 casualties on the enemy. Every medic in the Ranger Regiment must attend the Pre-Special Operations Combat Medical Course (PSOCOM). This Battalion provides increased capabilities during combat operations by conducting command, control, communications, and other intelligence functions in support of the Ranger Regiment and other Special Operations Task Forces. from $39.99 OCP 75th Ranger Flexfit® Hat. Ranger spouses are often surprised to find that the friendships they develop with other Ranger families form lifelong bonds. The RMIB has been supplying the 75th Ranger Regimentâs ever increasing demand for targeters, analysts, interrogators, UAS pilots, signals collectors, and covert reconnaissance operators since the Battalionâs provisional inception on 22 May 2017 â¦ 1st Platoon Alpha Company 3rd Battalion, 75th Rangers "Rangers Lead the Way" They were the first and only Ranger unit made up entirely by African American Soldiers. Over 60% of our community is active duty, retired, national guard, or reservist, and the knowledge we bring to â¦ Loading ... 75th Ranger Regiment Inspired Kit (Crye, Eagle, LBT, Ops-Core, Block II) - Duration: 4:30. We are loyal to our Regiment, the Army, and our Nation. Jump to. They also have access to special Ranger facilities and enjoy a wide range of special regimental family activities and events. The Vietnam War marked the final major conflict where Ranger designated units were attached to regular infantry divisions. With one MH-47 forced to crash land and another forced to land at an offset HLZ, the Rangers began a pitched thirteen-hour battle to secure the 10,000-foot mountaintop. Wherever the Battalion goes, it must be apparent that it is the best. Elements of Company B, and 1st Platoon Company A, 1st Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment deployed to Saudi Arabia from February 12, 1991 to April 15, 1991, in support of Operation Desert Storm. Over 60% of our community is active duty, retired, national guard, or reservist, and the knowledge we bring to the table is unmatched in any other unit. We live the Ranger Creed. Each Battalion has its own unique lineage. It wasnât until World War II that the Army activated Ranger infantry battalions, which were overseen by William O. Darby (pictured left).Darby, an artillery officer who developed a fascination with the training practices and traditions of British Commandos, was assigned to oversee the creation of the new Ranger units. While fighting our nationâs enemies in Afghanistan, the regiment was simultaneously called upon to provide forces for the invasion of Iraq. Rangers receive 30-days of leave per year, training holidays, federal holidays and long weekends. Rangers are stationed at one of three bases in the United States: Fort Benning, Hunter Army Airfield, and Joint Base Lewis McChord. This is the official 3rd Battalion page. While deployments may vary, Ranger units typically undertake a higher frequency of missions. On October 19, 2001, the Regimental Headquarters and 3rd Ranger Battalion conducted an airborne assault to seize a desert landing strip south of Kandahar known as Objective Rhino. Ranger families have access to dedicated doctors for care. The Battalion became a permanent part of the Regiment in October 2019. For that reason, Ranger units have an intense focus on Physical Fitness (PT). Â Some of these operations were conducted before the Battalion was formally established. $21.99 75th Ranger Regiment Performance Shorts. Elements of the 3rd Ranger Battalion also participated in the assault.1991: During Operation Desert Storm, A and B Companies conducted Raids and provided Quick Reaction Force to assist in coalition operations.2001: Beginning December 2001, in response to the events of the September 11th attacks, elements of the HHC and A Company deployed to Afghanistan in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. Many famous men belonged to Ranger units during this time period, including Daniel Boone and Abraham Lincoln. The entire Battalion would return to that country a year later, and remain on continuous deployment rotations until today. The RMIB has been supplying the 75th Ranger Regimentâs ever increasing demand for targeters, analysts, interrogators, UAS pilots, signals collectors, and covert reconnaissance operators since the Battalionâs provisional inception on 22 May 2017 and will continue to support the task force for years to come. This forced entry operation began eighteen years of continuous combat operations for the 75th Ranger Regiment. Following the successful use of Ranger Battalions in Operation Urgent Fury in Grenada, the Department of the Army ordered the activation of the 3rd Ranger Battalion. In the Battle of Signal Hill, members of LRRP units were tasked with inserting by helicopter onto a mountaintop in the A Shau Valley known as Signal Hill. In May 2017 saw the provisional activation of the Regimental Military Intelligence Battalion. They were also tasked with rescuing American citizens being held hostage at the True Blue Medical Campus. In March 2003, the battalion gained a foothold of the Hadithah dam complex and over the next week fought off elements of the Iraqi Republican Guardâs Hammurabi Division. The Rangers destroyed all Al-Qaeda linked militants and secured all fallen U.S. personnel. One, General John Stark, commanded the First New Hampshire Militia, which gained fame at the Battles of Bunker Hill and Bennington. No one can predict Ranger deployment, but family members will receive up to date information about deployment and training timelines whenever possible. The higher objective of which is to create an environment which is conducive to allow growth of its members mentally in â¦ The higher objective of which is to create an environment which is conducive to allow growth of its members mentally in â¦ After sustaining heavy casualties, the LRRP platoons managed to hold the mountaintop for three weeks and helped ensure the success of the operation. Rangers from all over the world were interviewed, selected and moved to Fort Benning. He was posthumously promoted to brigadier general. Additionally, as operational tempo increased in both Iraq and Afghanistan, the Regiment expanded its combat power with the creation of a fourth maneuver company in each battalion with the designation of Delta Company. This forced entry operation began eighteenÂ years of continuous combat operations for the 75th Ranger Regiment. See more of The 75th Ranger Regiment on Facebook. Press alt + / to open this menu. RIâ¦ During follow-on missions, forces from Company B conducted a night parachute assault into Bastogne Drop Zone to secure a desert landing strip. They successfully surprised and overwhelmed Chinese forces, linked up with friendly forces and spent the next few days mopping up enemy resistance. Should any new members join the unit and bring with them two or more friends, that complete RASP, we will allow one of the group members to be authorized a meritorious promotion to the rank of Private First Class. (U.S. Army â¦ the 75th ranger regiment is a unique special operations force comprised of specially selected and well trained soldiers constantly tested for the privilege of serving in our regiment. The 1st Ranger Battalion, currently based at Hunter Army Airfield in Savannah, Georgia, United States, is the first of three ranger battalions belonging to the United States Army's 75th Ranger Regiment.. 75th Ranger Regiment Filter by All 1/75 1st Ranger Battalion 2/75 2nd Ranger Battalion 3/75 3rd Ranger Battalion 75th 75th Ranger Regiment Army Ranger Army Rangers Green Berets New Age Ra Ranger Regiment Rangers Regimental Military Intelligence Regimental Military Intelligence Battalion RMIB SF Snake Eaters Special Forces US Army Ranger US Army Rangers Veteran The 2nd Battalion (Ranger), 75th Infantry followed with activation on Oct. 1, 1974. The Rangers launched their first assault at Arzew in 1943. Forgot account? As the majority of the Regiment redeployed to the United States in order to prepare for follow-on combat operations, 2nd Ranger Battalion conducted a raid onto Objective Reindeer resulting in 85 terrorists killed. The Ranger Regiment remained a key component of the joint task force in Iraq for the duration of the operation from 2003-2010 and conducted more than 10,000 raids during this period, resulting in the defeat of Al Qaeda in Iraq and the degradation of multiple enemy terrorist networks. Log In. Medical Treatment Team 8. Commanding Officer (colonel) 2. Ability to attend at least two of our unit wide events each month for ArmA III on every Saturday and Sunday of each week at 1800 (6:00pm) - 2100 (9:00pm) Eastern Standard Time (Unit Time). Earlier in the year, the battalion had been involved in numerous air assaults and raids in Afghanistan, in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. Meanwhile, 3rd Ranger Battalion continued the fight against the Iraqi Army and Fedayeen Saddam forces at the Haditha Dam in Anbar Province from April 3-4, 2003. These units were small, heavily armed patrols that penetrated deep into enemy territory to capture objectives and disrupt the enemy front. "Abrams emphasized that professional unit excellence stems from individual Ranger personal excellence and character. The battalion assisted with follow-on operations in support of Joint Task Force South. 3rd Ranger Battalion. Darby was killed in action during the Italy campaign when an artillery shell burst in the middle of a group of assembled officers. 8âWhen we march, we keep moving till dark, so as to give the enemy the least possible chance at us.â ~Ranger Handbook, Rogersâ Standing Orders. The 75th Ranger Regiment is made up of a regimental headquarters and headquarters company (HHC) and several battalions. 2002: Elements of the second battalion deployed in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. These efforts enabled the surge of conventional forces to secure key terrain across regional commands in Afghanistan. The group members must decide who among them shall receive this meritorious promotion. United States Army 3rd Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment (3/75) is a community that aims to provide a realistic simulated special operations environment. During the Civil War, Mosbyâs Rangers, led by Confederate Col. John Singleton Mosby (pictured right) was known for raiding Union Army camps and sharing supplies with the local populace. The newly formed Battalion consists of the Military Intelligence Company (MICO), Cyber Electro-Magnetic Activities company (CEMA), Headquarters and Headquarters Company (HHC) and is based at Fort Benning, GA. The seizure allowed follow-on operations by elements of the 82nd Airborne Division. For nearly 18 hours, the Rangers delivered devastating firepower, killing an estimated 600 Somalis in what many have called the fiercest ground combat since Vietnam. 3rd Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment, Fort Benning, Ga. Regimental Special Troops Battalion, Fort Benning, Ga. 1973: Army Chief of Staff Creighton Abrams issued the order to activate the first Battalion-level Ranger unit since World War II. In January 1969, these units were re-designated as âRangerâ, within the 75th Infantry Regiment (Ranger), a predecessor to the modern 75th. 19 light infantry Ranger companies were involved in the Korean War, including the legendary 2nd Ranger Infantry Company, known as the “Buffalo Rangers”. The 75th Ranger Regiment November 23 at 6:30 AM # ICYMI : Gratitude Staff Sgt. Among his accolades, he is credited with preventing British forces from capturing Williamsburg, South Carolina at the Battle of Black Mingo and rescuing a small American force pinned down by 500 British soldiers in the Battle of Eutaw. Our four-time volunteer force provides our Nation a range of capabilities not found in any other Special Operations or Conventional Force. Earlier in the day during operation Anaconda, Naval Petty Officer Neil Roberts became stranded after a contestedÂ helicopter landing zone infiltration on Takur Ghar Mountain. The company, an airborne trained unit, was primarily used as an advance force to disrupt and push back Chinese attacks to the front. Thâ¦ 1st Platoon Alpha Company 3rd Battalion, 75th Rangers "Rangers Lead the Way" 1994: The battalion deployed to Haiti in support of Operation Uphold Democracy. Â ROBERT ROGERS STANDING ORDER NO. On Oct. 19, elements of A and C companies conducted a low-level parachute assault onto a desert airfield in southwestern Afghanistan to capture key logistical information. Members of the 75th Ranger Regiment live this charger both personally and professionally every day. Stark later coined the phrase "Live free or die", New Hampshâ¦ HQ Company Staff 5. His ingenuity was legendary. Activated eight months after the first battalion, The 2nd Battalion (Ranger), 75th Infantry made its home in Fort Lewis, Washington. Robert Rogers (left) famous âRogersâ Rangersâ used unconventional battle tactics during the French and Indian War. The operation laid the groundwork for the Ranger Regiment's Special Operations capability.1983: The Battalion took part in Operation Urgent Fury, where A and B Companies performed an impromptu Air Assault on Point Salinas International Airport in Grenada. No other meritorious promotions are authorized. TACOPSGEAR 75th Army Ranger Regiment Beret Patch Stitched $10.95. 1984: A small cadre arrived at Fort Benning to begin the selection process. From October 3 to 4, 1993, Rangers from 3d Ranger Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment conducted a daring daylight raid with other special operations forces. Professional civilian family readiness advisors work full-time at each regimental unit to ensure families have the skills and support they need to be prepared for challenges of deployment. The Tan Beret. 3rd Ranger Battalion 1/4 Zip Sweatshirt. To date, the Rangers have earned six Presidentâ¦ The 75th Ranger Regiment is a lethal, agile and flexible force, capable of executing a myriad of complex, joint special operations missions in support of U.S. policy and objectives. See more of The 75th Ranger Regiment on Facebook. In August 1993, elements of 3rd Battalion, and 75th Ranger Regiment, deployed to Somalia to assist United Nations forces in bringing order to a desperately chaotic and starving nation. While the pace of life in the Regiment is faster than that of most conventional units, the leadership understands that balance and predictability are important qualities of family life. Communications Platoon 7. The Battalion is based in Fort Benning. The 1st Battalion (Ranger), 75th Infantry officially entered service January 31st, 1974 at Fort Benning, Georgia.1980: The Ranger Regiment was called upon to participate in Operation Eagle Claw in response to the Iranian hostage crisis. They are most noted for their actions during Operation Tomahawk and the Battle of the Soyang River. 3rd Battalion 75th Ranger Regiment Flash Patch 5.0 out of 5 stars 1. Rangers from all over the world were interviewed, selected and moved to Fort Benning. The 3rd Battalion, 75th Infantry (Ranger), and Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 75th Infantry (Ranger), received their colors on Oct. 3, 1984, at Fort Benning, Ga. The detachmentâs mission was to establish a flight landing strip for follow-on combat operations. The Regimental Military Intelligence Battalion's mission is to recruit, train, develop, and employ highly trained and specialized Rangers to conduct full spectrum intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance, cyber, and electronic warfare operations in order to enhance the Regimental Commanderâs situational awareness and inform his decision-making process. The 75th Ranger Regiment consists of five Battalions stationed at:Â Â. Email or Phone: Password: Forgot account? Fire Support Element 6. Sept. 21, 2013. After the completion of an externally-evaluated battalion exercise, Chief of Staff Abrams declared the battalion âworldwide deployableâ, marking the start of a series of rigorous training events conducted under varied environmental conditions around the world. 1989: The entire regiment participated in Operation Just Cause. Mission: Our national defense requires the 3rd Battalion 75th Ranger Regiment to execute any special operations or light infantry mission requiring a mature, competent, highly disciplined, and lethal force to ensure the precise application of combat power in politically sensitive environments. On this page, youâll learn about Robert Rogersâ famous standing orders, William O. Darby, and the Buffalo Rangers. Ranger history predates the revolutionary war. In 2007, due to the increased requirement to find, fix, finish, analyze, and exploit terrorist threats in a hybrid environment, the Regimental Special Troops Battalion was established to provide key enablers to the Regiment and Joint Task Force. On October 19, 2001, the Regimental Headquarters and 3rd Ranger Battalion conducted an airborne assault to seize a desert landing strip south of Kandahar known as Objective Rhino. Weâre a small, high-speed unit that prides ourselves on balancing serious milsim, professionalism, and laid back fun. Army Chief of Staff and legendary Armor commander Creighton Abrams directed the formation of the first Ranger Battalion in 1974:"The Ranger Battalion is to be an elite, light and most proficient Infantry Battalion in the world, a Battalion that can do things with its hands and weapons better than anyone.