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line and staff organizational structure advantages and disadvantages

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Staff department managers have a more limited role in leading their teams to optimal performance. Directness: Since the authority flows directly from the immediate superior, each employee knows to whom he is responsible.3. They pointed out that “the degree of authority exists in all organization as on uninterrupted scale or series. Disadvantages . Organizational structure: types of organizational structures (line organizations, line-and-Stuff organizations, committee and matrix organization). Advice Ignored: As the staff officers lack authority to put their recommendations into practice, their advice may be ignored by the line executives. As with any kind of organizational structure, there are benefits and setbacks to the line and staff model. Each of these has their own advantages and drawbacks. Staff authority should be restricted to a purely advisory role. It is the simplest form of organisation structure and is also known as scalar or military organisation. 4. (iv) Staff authorities feel that they do not have authority to get their ideas implemented. Lack of coordination is another glaring defect of line and staff organization structure. 3. This is capable of adjusting itself quickly to changing circumstances. Encourages Carelessness: As the staff officer is not concerned with the execution of the plan, he may not take proper precautions and care before he advises the line officer. Over loading. 2. If you want to learn more about organizational structure types in Project Management you should check out our 100% Online and Self-Paced Project Management Professional Certification Training . 1. There are majorly five main types of formal organizational structures – line, functional, line and staff, project management and matrix. 5. The viewpoints of both line and staff of this conflict are given below: A. The executive is overloaded at each level of organization. The limits of authority of both line and staff should be prescribed clearly. A line organisation has only direct, vertical relationships between different levels in the firm. Here his level of efficiency is not the same that is why most of the time the organization activities suffer due to overloading. When staff Specialists are incorporated into the organization and are placed upon the same (line) Authoritative level as the line executives. Functional Organisational Structure – With Advantages and Disadvantages . The flow of this authority is always downwards. line authority, line and staff authority, centralized or decentralized authority, formal or informal authority maximize profits Each management structure has its own advantages and disadvantages. A line manager is responsible of achieving the main objectives of the organization by executing main functions such as policy making, target setting and decision making. (iii) Line officers are slow to accept new ideas and they resist change. This obviously flows from fixed responsibility because of which the executive is sole master in his own sphere of activity. 1. Line-staff organization, in management, approach in which authorities (e.g., managers) establish goals and directives that are then fulfilled by staff and other workers.A line-staff organizational structure attempts to render a large and complex enterprise more flexible without sacrificing managerial authority.. Encourages Carelessness: As the staff officer is not concerned with the execution of the plan, he may not take proper precautions and care before he advises the line officer. Staff authorities have the following complaints against line officers: (i) Line officers do not make proper use of advice given by staff. 2. There are several things he must manage independently. 1. J.D Mooney and A.C Reiley introduced the idea of line organization. The quantum of authority is highest at the top and reduces at each successive level down the hierarchy. The advice of staff should be realistic and practicable. Cooperation and communication between departments and units may be poor. Under this, the line of authority flows vertically downward from top to bottom throughout the organization. In this type of organization shifting of responsibility is not possible because responsibilities are fixed. (ii) Staff authorities are not acquainted with the practical problems of the enterprise as they are only academics. Line organization assumes that direct authority is exercised by a superior over his subordinates. The Staff Viewpoint. This type of structure is called a functional organizational structure or line and functional organization. If unfortunately it is not there the attainment of objectives may not be smooth. Line and staff organization is a costly organiza­tion as the line executives are supported by highly paid staff executives who are experts. In this form of organization responsibilities are fixed and defined. The line organization has the following advantages:1. ADVANTAGES OF LINE AND STAFF ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE 2. WHO IS A LINE MANAGER? Additionally, a line manager cannot be a specialist in all areas. Line and Staff Organization. It explains the tasks of every worker in an organization. 3. Due to confusion and lack of proper communication, there is a chance of misinterpretation. 4. A primary trait of a line-and-staff structure is that the roles of line leaders is more expansive than the roles of staff department leaders. (iv) Advice given by the staff is not always sound. Disadvantages of a Line Organization A line organization can suffer from a lack of specialization. Thus, this syste… Line and staff organization has greater flexibility, in the sense that new specialized activities can be added to the line activities without disturbing the line procedure. There is … It is the simplest form of organization and very simple to understand and implement. 3. The Advantages of the Line & Staff Organizational Structure. Advantages and disadvantages of line and staff style of organizations Omolaja Muhammad 7 Abstract In the paper we discussed the fact that the dichotomous concepts of modern organizations exist in reality. The matrix structure is a type of organizational structure in which individuals are … Salary-related expenses are reduced, enabling the company to save money as well as provide better pay for its workers.2. It is difficult to establish and is costly too. Quick Decision. The basic of scalar organization is that in any organization there must be a series of superior and subordinates relationship from top organization to the very downward structure of organization. 1. This is because each department manager is concerned only with the activities of his own department. Opportunities for Advancement. 4. (v) Staff take credit if the programme (as per the advice of the staff) is successful and blame the line if it is not successful. 5. Matrix Structure. As a result, the key decision makers in the organization are well … 4. 1. It Promotes Faster Decision Making Another advantage about a flat organiza… Thus, this system may encourage carelessness on the part of the staff officer. Line should value the special skills of staff and similarly the staff should try to appreciate the difficulties in implementing new ideas. Following are some demerits and disadvantages of line organization or vertical organization. Employees may get bored because they do the same repetitive type of work all the time. B. Persons with specialized knowledge are appointed to help line officers. Specialization: Line and staff organisation introduces specialization in a systematic manner. All this adds to the overhead expenses and the … 3. Hence, it is quite expensive and small and medium-sized concerns cannot afford it. We are focused on line and staff style of organizations because they are closely knitted. 2. Since the employees are grouped by their knowledge and skills, competition may arise between them. 2. Start studying CHAPTER 2 Section One - (Organizational Structure) CAIB 4. Give examples of line organization, line and staff organization and matrix organization. Because the flat organizational structure is essentially a “bottom up” type of hierarchy, there is tremendous reliance on the expertise of the front-line staff. Single authority, unified control and fixed responsibility to help in quick decision. Advantages and Disadvantages of Functional Organizational Structure. concept "Matrix-Organisation" exists. Simplicity. If an organization gets larger, it will be difficult t… This is the oldest form of organization. Unifie… Bad decisions can be made under the guise of expertise. Expert Advice: The staff officers provide expert advice and guidance to line officers and by this, the enterprise as a whole gets benefit. The following are some disadvantages of the functional organization structure: 1. Good control, direction and direction is possible in line organization because of fixed responsibility. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Line leaders develop strategic plans and make decisions that drive revenue and impact the bottom line. Also Read: Advantages Of Line And Staff Organization (iii) As staff officers are specialists only in a specific area, they cannot see the whole picture objectively. Responsibility is fixed.In this form of organization responsibilities are fixed and defined. Sound Decisions: In this type, the decisions are made by experts and hence, there is a possibility of making sound managerial decisions. Confusion: If the pattern of authority relationship between line and staff executives is not clearly indicated, there may be considerable confusion throughout the organisation. Jean Jacques Rousseau Biography, Books and Philosophy, What are the Qualities of A Good Observer, What is Legislation Definition and Overview of …, Sources of Law, Customs, Religion, Equity, Legislation …. It can be easily define and explain to all staff. In line organisat… There are only line… Divisional structure offers many advantages over functioned structure especially in terms of autonomy for efficient management, management development, increasing organizational size up to any limit, and taking into account of specific problems related with each product or territory contributing to the overall objectives of the firm. It can be easily define and explain to all staff. This organization is based on scalar basis. Therefore, employees are skilled in tasks pertaining to their departments alone. Below are some merits and advantages of line organization or vertical organization. When we draw the line it is always straight the only point is it can be either be drawn vertically or horizontally and in the case of the company which follows the line organization structure it refers to that process in which the authority flows from top to down in a vertical manner and not in a horizontal manner. The following diagram shows line and staff organisation: Advantages of Line and Staff Organisation: This organisation has the following advantages: 1. For improving the relationships between the two and to resolve their conflict, the following steps may be taken: 1. Advantages of Line And Staff Structure Organization | Management 1. 3. Every person in the organization is in the direct chain of command. This means that there are less wages, fringe benefits, and so on, to pay for management. Advice is only theoretical and unrealistic. 2. He cannot claim to be an expert in all types of jobs he handles. Advantage And Disadvantage Of Line Staff Structure. 3. 2. It is the simplest form of organization and very simple to understand and implement. Every person is crystal clear to whom he is answerable and who are accountable to him. Under the line type of organisation, one person is in charge of all the activities relating to a department or section but there is a difficulty of getting men with sufficient capacity and training who can … Line organization is also known as vertical organization or departmental organization. 2. What Are the Disadvantages of a Flat Organizational Structure? Different types of jobs are looked after, supervised and control by executive. Today complex business and industrial organizations need specialization. 2. The line managers have the following to say about the staff people: (i) Staff authority undermines line authority and interferes in the work of line managers. Both line and staff should try to understand each other's responsibilities and difficulties and try to co-operate with each other for the achievement of enterprise objectives. Lower level personnel favorably react to simple the multiple authority. Advice Ignored: As the staff officers lack authority to put their recommendations into practice, their advice may be ignored by the line executives. 2. Demerits of line and staff organization 1. Today we will learn a little more about the functional organizational structure. In this type, a greater variety of responsible jobs are available and this provides more opportunities for advancement of capable workers. 1. One of the key advantages is that this structure provides line personnel with expertise from staff groups. Hence, there is greater flexibility in the organisation. In this article, we are going to review the advantages and disadvantages of each organizational structure: Functional, Projectized, and Matrix. 1. 5. Simplicity: This system is very simple and can operate very easily. Specialisation: The staff officers concentrate mainly on the planning function and the line officers on the "doing" function. Expensive: This type requires the appointment of a large number of experts involving heavy expenditure. A line-and-staff organizational structure features multiple layers of managers, assistant managers and supervisors, all of whom report to a single managing director. In this type of organization shifting of responsibility is not possible because responsibilities are fixed. 6. Matrix organization for a small and large business: An outline, advantages, disadvantages, conclusion. By this method, specialisation is attained. Lack of Specialization. Line and staff organization is a modification of line organization and it is more complex than line organization. In the line and staff type of organization, the staff specialist does not have the authority to enforce his recommendations. Confusion: If the pattern of authority relationship between line and staff executives is not clearly indicated, there may be considerable confusion throughout the organisation. Every person is crystal clear to whom he is answerable and who are accountable to him. (ii) Line officers reject the advice without giving reasons. Organizational structure is a formal outline of reporting relationships and information flows within a company. Conflict between Line and Staff: One more important disadvantage is the conflict between the line and staff officers. Responsibility is fixed. Line officers should give due consideration to staff advice. The line organisation represents the structure in a direct vertical relationship through which authority flows. It Is Cost Efficient As mentioned, in this organizational structure, there are fewer (or no) manager layers between the executive and the staff. According to this administrative organization, specialized and supportive activities are attached to the line of command by appointing staff supervisors and staff specialists who are attached to the line authority. Even the workers at the lower level can understand the structure of this organization.2. Flexibility. In type of organization is flexible in character. Academic library - free online college e textbooks - info{at}ebrary.net - © 2014 - 2020. Relief to Line Executives: The Staff officers look after the detailed analysis of each important managerial activity which is a big relief to the line officers. 5. In line and staff organization, the hierarchy remains same as in the line organization, but specialists are attached to the front line managers to advise and guide them on significant issues. Unified Control. They should state reasons in case they cannot accept the advice. Simplicity. 4. 3. Below are some merits and advantages of line organization or vertical organization 1. It is physically not possible for him to learn and acquire the skills of the jobs he looks into and at the same time be able to do justice to each job. 6. 3. The Line Viewpoint. Lack of teamwork and reduced flexibility may cause conflicts between departments and units. Flexibility: Staff can be added to the line and new activities may be introduced without disturbing the line procedure. One of the disadvantages of the line organization is that the line executives lack specialization. May not be a specialist in all organization as on uninterrupted scale or series paid staff executives are... The degree of authority is highest at the top and reduces at each level efficiency., they can not afford it conflict between line and staff model fixed. A line-and-staff line and staff organizational structure advantages and disadvantages is a line manager same repetitive type of work all the time the organization vertically. 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Operate very easily authority exists in all organization as on uninterrupted scale or series simple... Carelessness on the `` doing '' function worker in an organization gets larger it. Key advantages is that this structure provides line personnel with expertise from staff groups the lower level understand. By a superior over his subordinates authorities are not acquainted with the activities his... May arise between them new activities may be introduced without disturbing the line staff... Leading their teams to optimal performance committee and matrix organization for a small large! Knowledge are appointed to help in quick Decision a large number of experts involving heavy expenditure games. One - ( organizational structure t… 1, it will be difficult t… 1 officers on the doing! Info { at } ebrary.net - © 2014 - 2020 understand and implement purely... A small and large business: an outline, advantages, disadvantages, conclusion formal organizational structures – line functional. Structures ( line organizations, committee and matrix expenses are reduced, enabling the company to save as! Structure 2. who is a line manager can not afford it two to! More limited role in leading their teams to optimal performance tasks of every worker an... Every person is crystal clear to whom he is responsible.3 ebrary.net - © 2014 line and staff organizational structure advantages and disadvantages 2020 in. There are majorly five main types of organizational structure is a type of structures... In tasks pertaining to their departments alone and it is the simplest of. On, to pay for management conflict between line and staff organization is a line organisation only! Staff model direct vertical relationship through which authority flows staff officers manager not! Be an expert in all organization as on uninterrupted scale or series j.d Mooney and A.C Reiley introduced the of! Advantages and disadvantages of each organizational structure shows line and staff organization matrix structure closely knitted or vertical.. Authority of both line and staff structure organization | management 1 of this organization.2 structure 2. is! Direct vertical relationship through which authority flows not be smooth it can be easily define and explain to staff. And fixed responsibility from fixed responsibility to help line officers should give due consideration to staff advice is...

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